Teachers' Notes 

4. Worksheet for using the virtual reality reconstructionrich text file logo- A WALK ROUND TUDOR HACKNEY

Instructions  From the Tudor Hackney homepage, click on Virtual Reality, then on Virtual Tour Start Here (on the right). You will now have to load the Viscape viewer or, if it has been loaded already, click Enter Tudor Hackney. You then have three choices:· Walk around Tudor Hackney· Tour of Hackney Village· Tour of Rectory.Choose ‘Walk around Tudor Hackney’

Use the direction signs under the screen to take you where you would like to go. Click on the arrows using your mouse, hold down the left mouse button and move the mouse. You can walk around the village, looking at the houses, the pub and the church. Use the map of Tudor Hackney to help you. Mind you don’t bump into a cart, or fall into a dung-heap! As you go round you will see signs to the Rectory House. If you follow these you will reach the House. Click on the door and it will open. You can now walk yourself around the House, going into every room, clicking on doors to open them. You’ll need to steer well! There are several clickable points around the House:
*Some bring up a drawing of something in a room, like a piece of furniture, so you can see it more clearly.
*Some bring up a short video clip in which a servant describes what her work is.
These items appear in the Information Display panel.

…Tudor Hackney
Today Hackney is part of inner London. In Tudor times Hackney was a village, three miles outside the City. It was quite a smart, fashionable place. People who could afford it liked Hackney. They liked to be in the country, but able to ride on horseback into London in less than an hour. But most of the people of Hackney were farmers, growing food to sell in London’s markets. Use the map to check where you are and what you are looking at.
*Look for two pubs, the Church, a brick house and lots of wooden-framed houses.
*Look for clues that Hackney was a farming village (listen, too!)
*Compare Tudor Hackney with the streets where you live now: what are the big differences? Are there any things the same?
*Look for clues that Hackney was a fashionable place, with well-built houses

…the House
This is John and Jane Daniell’s house, called The Rectory, as it was in the year 1605. They were quite well off, as you will see. The house has five rooms on the ground floor and five rooms upstairs. Use the plan to check where you are and to find out the names of the rooms.
· Look for differences between the Daniell’s house and yours. Look for differences between their furniture and yours. What things are the same?
· Was the house nice to live in? Look for clues about: Was it comfortable? Was it warm? Was it light? Was it hygienic? (watch out for the garderobe –toilet)
· Some rooms were used by the Daniells and some by the servants. Can you tell which rooms were used by which people? Look for clues.

Activity 1 - Come to Hackney!
Imagine you lived in Hackney in 1600, in one of the houses you saw on the Tour. You have some rich friends in London who have decided to move to a bigger house in a better area. What are you going to say to them to persuade them to move to Hackney? Use all the information you have found out on the Tour. You could write or record what you want to say. Or you could draw a scene from somewhere in Hackney, with labels to bits of your street-scene to explain what’s so good about living in Hackney. Similarities and differences
1. Start by looking at “View Past and Present”. There are five double pictures, one of a building in Tudor Hackney, the second of the same scene today.
2. What changes can you see? Make a list.
3. Now think about differences between what you have seen of Tudor Hackney and where you live. Add more differences to your list.
4. Are there any similarities between Tudor Hackney and the place where you live now?
5. Where would you prefer to live: Tudor Hackney, or your modern home? Give reasons for your answer.

Activity 2 - In The House:
The big differences between the Daniell’s house and mine are….. The main differences between their furniture and mine are…….. The things which are the same, or similar, are…….. I would/would not like to live in the Daniell’s house because……

Use this table to weigh up the Daniell’s comfort. The Daniell’s House In my house Keeping warm Good lighting Comfortable furniture Hygiene Another point
I think the Daniell’s house was/was not comfortable because……

1. Which rooms did you think were used by the Daniells and which by the servants? How could you tell?
2. The Daniells actually lived in the Parlour, on the ground floor. They entertained special guests in Mr Daniell’s Chamber on the first floor and slept in Mrs Daniell’s Chamber.
Look at these rooms again. The Daniells spent hundreds of pounds decorating and furnishing them in the latest fashion. How can you tell?
3. The rooms where the work of the house was done were the kitchen, the buttery and the milkhouse. Look at these rooms again. What jobs were done in each of these rooms?

Imagine you are John or Jane Daniell. Decide which is your favourite room and make a plan or a drawing of it. Get the doors and windows in the right places. Put in the furniture – you could use the drawings from the Information Display to help you. Now write, or record on tape what John or Jane Daniell might have said about the room. Why did they like it? How did they use it?

Background: How do we know?
In 1605 John and Jane Daniell got into serious trouble with the law. (You can find out all about it if you watch the video “The Dysasters and Misfortunes of John and Jane Daniell”, also on this website). John was put in the pillory and had to pay a huge fine. They had to leave the house they loved and sell everything they had to pay the fine. This meant that a huge list had to be drawn up of everything in the house and what it was worth. This list is called an inventory. Historians have used this inventory to work out what the Rectory House looked like and what furniture and other items there were in each room. This was used to construct the online walk you have just taken. You can view the actual inventory that was made of the Daniell’s possessions if you go to the homepage, look at the text on the right hand side, the second paragraph, and click on the word “inventory”. A drop-down menu will take you to each room. You will see the actual inventory document for that room, in old handwriting, and a version in modern writing. It uses old English money; you need to know that there were 12 pennies in a shilling and 20 shillings in a pound. These were written: pennies (d), shillings (s) and pounds (l). Roman numbers were used.
On the site there is also a drop-down menu of drawings of items from the inventory so that you can see for yourself what everything looked like.
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This site, developed with funding from the New Opportunities Fund as one of the projects within Sense of Place, London, forms part of the National Archive's Education site. It was developed as a partnership between Hackney Archives Department, Immediate Theatre and the National Archive's Education Team