The oldest known Māori map of New Zealand, drawn by Tooka-Titter-anue Wari-Ledo in 1793.
Chart of New Zealand drawn by Tooka-Titter-anue Wari-Ledo [Tuki Tahua], 1793. Catalogue Ref: MPG 1/532/5
[West is at the top of the map. North Island (right), where Tuki lived, is drawn larger than South Island, which he had never visited].
South Island, clockwise from top:
A tree, about which Tookee, and Woodoo tell some wonderful stories, which they say the T’sou-duokay people have told them of
Lake, where stone for hatchets are got. This information they got from the people of T’sou-duokay, as neither Tookee, nor Woodoo ever saw an inhabitant of this land.
North Island, clockwise from top:
Toko-ha, principal chief of this district, which is in amity with Hododo, and Toor-a-witte.
Tookoo says this district contains at least 100,000 inhabitants.
Tottua Woodoo, governed by Whadu, and supposed to contain 4000 inhabitants
Residence of Ko-to-ko-ka
Ho-do-do about 2000 fighting men
Wongar-ooa, supposed to contain 2000 fighting men.
Tu-ka-roa inimical [hostile] to Hododo & Toor-a-witte, and in league with T’sou-duokay & Moodoo Whoneea & Tellua Woodoo
Supposed by Woodoo, to contain 3000 fighting men
Teer-a-witte governed by Povo-rack. Chief’
Residence of Toma-howuu, chief of this district
Thy-la-r-ra, principal chief of this part of Cho-ka-ang, but subordinate to To-ko-ha.
Islands and ships, clockwise from L-R:
Oou-tore. Supposed to have a town and inhabitants, they are friends of T’sou-duokay.
Toa-worock’s oldest son inhabits this island, on which are 50 people. No water
Motu-cowa, governed by Toa-worock, father in law to Woodoo, & inhabited by 100 people. He says it is as large as Norfolk Island, very few trees on it, but much flax grows there – much water on it
Here, the Daedelus took Tookee and Woodoo.
Motu-aca-ote, not inhabited. Only one tree on it
Motu-aca-mua. Not inhabited.
Here, Tookee and Woodoo left the Britannia.
Moday-Mootoo, on which Te-ka-pa has a Hippah [fortified village].
Island top right:
Manoui-L’avai. No water on it, but inhabited by 30 people.
Text in bottom left corner:
Chart of New Zealand drawn by Tooka-Titter-anue Wari-Ledo, a priest of that country who resided on Norfolk Island 6 months
Text in bottom right corner:
a. a. a. The road that goes the length of Ea-hoi-no-maae. See the vocabulary
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Source 1a and b.
- List what you can see in both maps.
- The maps show the two islands of New Zealand. Can you spot any differences/similarities between them?
- What different attitudes/viewpoints do the creators of the maps reflect?
- Why do you think Cook focuses more on the geographic details of New Zealand, and Tuki reveals more about memories, stories, sacred places, and useful resources?
- Do the different maps make you feel or think about different things about New Zealand?