Source 2a

The oldest known Māori map of New Zealand, drawn by Tooka-Titter-anue Wari-Ledo in 1793.

Chart of New Zealand drawn by Tooka-Titter-anue Wari-Ledo [Tuki Tahua], 1793. Catalogue Ref: MPG 1/532/5

[West is at the top of the map. North Island (right), where Tuki lived, is drawn larger than South Island, which he had never visited].

South Island, clockwise from top:

A tree, about which Tookee, and Woodoo tell some wonderful stories, which they say the T’sou-duokay people have told them of

Lake, where stone for hatchets are got. This information they got from the people of T’sou-duokay, as neither Tookee, nor Woodoo ever saw an inhabitant of this land.



North Island, clockwise from top:

Toko-ha, principal chief of this district, which is in amity with Hododo, and Toor-a-witte.

Tookoo says this district contains at least 100,000 inhabitants.

Tottua Woodoo, governed by Whadu, and supposed to contain 4000 inhabitants


2 chief

Moodoo Whanua


Residence of Ko-to-ko-ka


Ho-do-do about 2000 fighting men

[illegible] chief


Wongar-ooa, supposed to contain 2000 fighting men.

Tu-ka-roa inimical [hostile] to Hododo & Toor-a-witte, and in league with T’sou-duokay & Moodoo Whoneea & Tellua Woodoo


Supposed by Woodoo, to contain 3000 fighting men

Teer-a-witte governed by Povo-rack. Chief’

Residence of Toma-howuu, chief of this district

T’… sou-duokay


Thy-la-r-ra, principal chief of this part of Cho-ka-ang, but subordinate to To-ko-ha.


Islands and ships, clockwise from L-R:

Oou-tore. Supposed to have a town and inhabitants, they are friends of T’sou-duokay.

Toa-worock’s oldest son inhabits this island, on which are 50 people. No water


Motu-cowa, governed by Toa-worock, father in law to Woodoo, & inhabited by 100 people. He says it is as large as Norfolk Island, very few trees on it, but much flax grows there – much water on it

Here, the Daedelus took Tookee and Woodoo.

Motu-aca-ote, not inhabited. Only one tree on it

Motu-aca-mua. Not inhabited.

Here, Tookee and Woodoo left the Britannia.

Moday-Mootoo, on which Te-ka-pa has a Hippah [fortified village].


Island top right:

Manoui-L’avai. No water on it, but inhabited by 30 people.


Text in bottom left corner:

Chart of New Zealand drawn by Tooka-Titter-anue Wari-Ledo, a priest of that country who resided on Norfolk Island 6 months


Text in bottom right corner:

a. a. a. The road that goes the length of Ea-hoi-no-maae. See the vocabulary


« Return to The Search for ‘Terra Australis’

Source 1a and b.

  1. List what you can see in both maps.
  2. The maps show the two islands of New Zealand. Can you spot any differences/similarities between them?
  3. What different attitudes/viewpoints do the creators of the maps reflect?
  4. Why do you think Cook focuses more on the geographic details of New Zealand, and Tuki reveals more about memories, stories, sacred places, and useful resources?
  5. Do the different maps make you feel or think about different things about New Zealand?