King James I Bible

Extract from Ann Dod’s 18th century King James Bible (catalogue ref: C103/94).

This King James Bible belonged to Ann Dod and was printed in 1787. It is in The National Archives’ collections because it was exhibited in a court case which concerned the inheritance of Ann Dod and she had written her family tree in this bible. The extract below is the preamble to the Bible and shows James’ motivations for printing this translation and some of his ideas about divine Kingship.

Transcript

THE

HOLY BIBLE,

CONTAINING

The Old Testament

AND

THE NEW:

Translated out of the

ORIGINAL TONGUES,

AND

With the former TRANSLATIONS

By his MAJESTY’S Special command.

Appointed to be read in CHURCHES

OXFORD,


 

PRINTED AT THE CLARENDON PRESS,

By W. Jackson and A. Hamilton, PRINTERS to the UNIVERSITY;

And sold by W. Dawson, at the Oxford Bible Warehouse,

Paternoster Row, London. MDCCLXXXVII.

C U M     P R I V I L E G I O.


 

By the Grace of God, King of GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE,

and IRELAND, Defender of the Faith, &c.

The Translators of the Bibles with Grace, Mercy, and Peace,

Through Jesus Christ our Lord.

GREAT and manifold were the blessings, most dread Sovereign, which Almighty god the Father of all mercies, bestowed upon us the people of England, when first he sent Your Majesty’s Royal Person to rule and reign over us. For whereas it as the expectation of many, who wished not well unto our Sion, that upon the setting of the bright Occidental Star, Queen Elizabeth of most happy memory, some thick and palpable clouds of darkness would have so over shadowed this Land, that men should have been in doubt which way they were to walk: and that it should hardly be known, who was to direct the unsettled state; the appearance of Your Majesty, as the Sun in his strength, instantly dispelled there supported and surmised mists, and gave unto all that were well affected exceeding cause and comfort; especially when we beheld the government established in Your Highlands, and your hopeful Seed, by an undoubted Title, and this also accompanied with peace and tranquility at home and abroad.

But among all our joys, there was no one that more filled our hearts, than the blessed continuance of the preaching of God’s sacred word among us; which is that inestimable treasure, which excelleth all the riches of the earth; because the fruit thereof extendeth itself, not only to the time spent in this transitory world, but directeth and disposeth men unto that eternal happiness which is above in Heaven.

Then not to suffer this to fall to the ground, but rather to take it up, and to continue it in that state, wherein the famous Predecessor of Your Highness did leave it: nay, to go forward with the confidence and resolution of a Man in maintaining the truth of Christ, and propagating it far and near, is that which hath so bound and firmly knit the hearts of all Your Majesty’s loyal and religious people unto you, that your very name is precious among them: their eye doth behold You with comfort, and they bless You in their hearts, as that sanctified Person, who, under God, is the immediate Author of their true happiness. And this their contentment doth not diminish or decay, but every day increaseth and taketh strength, when they observe, that the zeal of Your Majesty toward the house of God doth not slack or go backward, but is more and more kindled, manifesting itself abroad in the fartherest parts of Christendom, by writing in defence of the Truth, (which hath given such a blow unto that man of sin, as will not be healed). And every day at home, by religious and learned discourse, by frequenting the House of God, by hearing the Word preached, by cherishing the Teachers thereof, by caring for the Church, as a most tender and loving nursing Father.

There are infinite arguments of this right Christian and religious affection in Your Majesty; but none is more forcible to declare it to others than the vehement and perpetuated desire of accomplishing and publishing this work, which now with all humility we present unto Your Majesty. For when Your Highness had once out of deep judgement apprehended how convenient it was, that out of the Original Sacred Tongues, together with comparing of the labours, both in our own, and other foreign Languages, of many worthy men who went before us, there should be one more exact Translation of the holy scriptures into the English Tongue: Your Majesty did never desist to urge and to excite those to who it was commended, that the work might be hastened, and that the business might be expedited in so decent a manner, as a matter of such importance might justly require.

And now at last, by the mercy of God, and the continuance of our labours, it being brought unto such a conclusion, as that we have great hopes that the Church of England shall reap good fruit thereby; we hold it our duty to offer it to Your Majesty, not only as to our King and Sovereign, but as to the principal Mover and Author of the work; humbly craving Your most Sacred Majesty that things of this quality have ever been subject to the censures of ill-meaning and contented persons, it may receive approbation and patronage from so learned and judicious a prince as your Highness is whole allowance and acceptance of our labours shall more honour and encourage us, than all the calumniations and hard interpretations of other men shall dismay us. So that if, on the one side, we shall be traduced by Popish Persons at home or abroad, who therefore will maling us, because we are poor instruments to make God’s holy Truth to be yet more and more known unto the people, who they desire still to keep in ignorance and darkness, or if, on the other side, we shall be maligned by self-conceited Brethren, who run their own ways, and give liking unto nothing, but what is framed by themselves, and hammered on their anvil; we may rest secure, supported within by the truth and innocency of  a good conscience, having walked the ways of simplicity and integrity, as before the LORD; and sustained without by the powerful protection for Your Majesty’s grace and favour, which will ever give countenance to honest and Christian endeavours against bitter censures and uncharitable imputations.

The Lord of heaven and earth bless Your Majesty with many and happy days, that, as his heavenly hand hath enriched Your Highness with many singular and extraordinary graces, so you may be the wonder of the world in this later age for happiness and true felicity, to the honour of that great GOD, and the good of his Church, through Jesus Christ our Lord and only Saviour.

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