Home Front Women at War timeline
1939 1 July The Women's Land Army is formed.
1 September Mass evacuation from towns and cities starts. The WVS assists with the evacuation.
2 September National Service (Armed Forces) Act is passed. All men aged 18-41 can be called-up.
December Over 1.5 million have volunteered for the Civil Defence.
1940 January The lack of bombing raids means that two-fifths of evacuees have returned home.
June Over 5 million women are now in employment.
September The first women are trained to work on anti-aircraft guns.
7 September The beginning of the Blitz prompts mass evacuation of women and children from cities and towns.
1941   Food shortages are at their worst in 1941.
April Women start to be trained to use searchlights.
18 December The National Service (No. 2) Act is passed, allowing conscription of unmarried women aged 20 to 30 years into the armed forces or into vital war work.
1942 Spring Conscription is extended to 19 year old women.
September Up to the end of this month, more women and children were killed in the war than soldiers.
1943   9 single women out of 10 and 8 married women out of 10, aged between 18 and 40 are now in the armed forces or in industry.
  7.5 million women are in employment.
  Almost 70% of food is now home produced.
  By the end of 1943 nearly two million women are in trade unions - double the pre-war total.
  The number of women in the Land Army reaches 80,000.
1944   The claims by women teachers for equal pay is rejected by Winston Churchill.
  The average pay for women in engineering is half that for men performing the same work.
June Factory production is at its highest this month.
  The number of women in the armed forces reaches over 450,000.
1945   By the end of the war, 624 women had been killed on active duty. In comparison, some 260,000 men were killed during the war.
After the War 1946 A Royal Commission supports equal pay for women but the government does not pass any laws to introduce change.
1950 The Women's Land Army is disbanded.