British Empire
The end of the British empire - Ghana
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Extract from a 1956 secret government report on independence for the Gold Coast (Ghana)
(Catalogue ref: PREM 11/1367)
  • This report was written for the British Prime Minister in September 1956. It was describing the situation in the Gold Coast soon before it became the independent state of Ghana in 1957.
  • Ghana became independent after a long campaign by nationalists in Ghana. The first calls for independence came in the 1920s, but the real campaign came in the 1940s and 1950s.
  • Dr Kwame Nkrumah was the leading figure in this campaign. He eventually succeeded and the Gold Coast became the independent state of Ghana in 1957.
  • The British were not opposed to the idea of independence for West Africa. However, they were anxious that newly independent states would be stable and democratic.
  • This report describes how Britain prepared Ghana for independence. However, it is important to remember that this is a British report and is likely to take a positive view of Britain's role.
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