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Extracts from reports on the Anderson Case, a court case concerning a slave who had run away from the USA, 1861
(Catalogue ref: TS 25/1134)
We are of opinion that the Canadian Government is not bound, by the 10 Article of the Treaty of Washington (9 August 1842) to surrender Anderson; though demanded by the American Government with all due formalities, under the provision of the Treaty. The plain meaning of the Article appears to us to be that the facts proved in support of the particular charge whatever its nature, must be such facts as if they had occurred in the harbouring state, would by the law of that State, have warranted the apprehension & commitment of the perpetrator to take his trial on such Charge.

28 March 1861   Richard Bethell
Wm. Atherton
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