British Empire
The rise of the British empire - North America
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  full transcript - source9  
British map of North America produced in 1757
(Catalogue ref: CO 700 America North and South 31A, 31B)

[The map in the top left corner box is:]

A Particular Map of Baffin and Hudson's Bay

[The main map is:]

An Accurate Map of North America
Describing and distinguishing the British, Spanish and French Dominions on this great Continent;
Exhibiting the Present Seat of War, and the French Encroachments.
Also all the East India Islands
Belonging to and possessed by the Several European Princes and States.
The whole laid down according to the latest and Most authentick Improvements By Eman Bowen Geog. To His Majesty And John Gibson Engraver ..

[A note on the map says:]

The British claim to Nova Scotia is founded on the 12 Article of the Treaty of Utrecht wherein France yields and transfers it in the following words.

Likewise Nova Scotia or All Arcadia with its Antient Limits, as also the City of Port Royal now called Annapolis Royal, and all other things in those Regions which depend on the said Land of Islands, together with the Dominion Property and Possession of them, and all Right whatsoever by Treaties or any other Way obtaind, which the most Christian King, the Crown of France, or any of its Subjects have hitherto had to y said Islands, Lands and Places.

In consequence of this full Cession, the Crown of Great Britain has ever since insisted on its Right to Nova Scotia or all Acadia, with the same Antient Limits with which it was acquired and possessed by France in Virtue of any former Treaties or otherwise; And the English Cominissaries in their Memorial of 21 Sept. 1750 set forth what was claim'd on the part of Great Britain as the real Limits of that Country Viz. all the Territory eastward of the dotted Line _._._._ drawn from the mouth of the River Penobscot or Pentagoit to the River St. Lawrence with all its Coast round the Bay of Fundy on the Atlantic Ocean the River and Gulf of St. Laurence.

The French Eager to possess a Country so Essential to the Trade and Security of the other English Colonies, and so Advantageously situated for themselves, by their usual Chicanery, would reduce the Limits of Acadia ceded to the Crown of Great Britain to the South Eastern Coast of the Peninsula, Confining it within the dotted Line ... drawn from Cape St Mary to Cape Canso, with a district to Annapolis Royal markt in the same manner. ..


[This detail from the map shows:]

Parts Unknown
Southern Boundary of Hudsons Bay Companys Territories Settled by Commissaries after the Treaty

[A note on the map says:]

Were there nothing at Stake between the Crown of Great Britain and France but the Lands on the Ohio, we may reckon it as great a Prize as has ever been contended for between two Nations. For this country is of that vast Extent Westward, as to exceed in good Land all the European Dominions of Great Britain, France & Spain, and which are almost destitute of Inhabitants. It is impossible to conceive that had his Majesty been made acquainted with its Value & great Importance, the large Strides the French have been making for several Years past in their Incroachments on his Dominions, that his Majesty would sacrifice one of the best Gems in his Crown to their Usurpation and boundless Ambition! ..


[This detail from the map shows:]

Vast Tract of Land
Panis Nation
Kansez nation
Black Palucas Nation
Ozages Nation

[The line at the top shows the Bounds of Virginia and New York. The line at the bottom right shows the Bounds of Virginia and Carolina.]

[A note on the map says:]

Apaches Vaqueros

The Confederate Indians July 19, 1701 at Albany surrendred their Beaver Hunting Country to the English to be defended by them for the said Confederates their Heirs & Successors for ever; this was ratified & confirmed Sept. 14, 1726 when the Sanecas Canegas and Onondages surrender'd their Habitations from Cayahoga to Oswego and Sixty miles in-land to the English for the Same use & purpose.

The Confederates formerly of five now of Seven Nations call'd by the French Iroquois consist of 1 Canungaes or Mohocks 2 Onoyuts 3. Onondagaes 4 Cayugaes 5 Chenandoanes or Senecas 6 Tuscarocas 7 Sississogaes.


[This detail from the map shows:]

[on the left] Twightwees
[middle] Lake Erie or Okswego
[right] Pensilvania
New Jersey

[Many places are described, for example:]

Beaver Ponds
Hunting Country of the Six Nations
Endless Mountains
Great Meadows

[Many places are marked as usurped by the French.]


[This detail from the map shows:]

[at the top] St Lawrence River
Gulf of St Lawrence
[middle] Nova Scotia or Acadia
[bottom] Bay of Fundy
Cape St Mary

[These places are mentioned in the note on the map that is about the British claim to the land of Nova Scotia. See the transcript for source 9a.]
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