This is the text of a speech which the Foreign Secretary made on October
24th to the National Committee of the International Chamber of Commerce. This
organisation was mainly business leaders.
At the time of the speech the Cuban Crisis was coming to its height.
The Foreign Secretary's reference to Berlin means the building of the Berlin
Wall in August 1961.
When he mentions Geneva, he is talking about the United Nations committee
on nuclear disarmament. This committee was based at Geneva, and the nuclear
powers met regularly in the late 1950s and early 1960s. They agreed various
limits on nuclear tests.
The USSR did end the test ban with a huge H Bomb test in 1961.