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The National Archives Civil War
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Why did Britain become a republic?

Case study 1: Death of Charles I - Source 5


Reaction from the King of France to the execution of Charles I, 1649

(Catalogue ref: SP 116/292)

A Declaration of the most Christian King, Louis the XIII.

King of France, and Navarre.

At length with Kisses and All-hailes in the fore-front of their Treason, they invite His Majesty to a Personall Treaty; who to manifest his passionate desire to peace, spread His Royall Selfe into acts of Grace and Favour; going beyond all his Predecessors in munificent Concessions: Yet even when he had yeelded beyond their hope and expectation, and surrendred His most indisputable Rights and Prerogatives into their hands: with malice as inexorable as the grave, deep and bottomlesse as hell, they abruptly break off, and by force of Arms drag him to the Bar; where Vassals took upon them to judge their Soveraigne, and call him to an accompt, who owed an accompt to none but God alone, and having Blasphemously upbrayded him with the unjust infamies of Tyrant, Traytour, and Murderer; and sufficiently sported themselves with scorn and contempt, after a small intervall of time, in Triumph they convey him to the Scaffold, which in aggravation of his sorrow, they had prepared at the entrance into his Royall Pallace, where in the sight of his Subjects they committed a most Barbarous Assassination upon his Sacred Person, by severing his Royall Head from his Body, by the hands of the Common Hang-man;