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Why did people want the king back in 1646?

Case study 1: Effects of war 1642-45 - Source 7

Simplified transcript

An order from Parliament in 1644 about paying for Parliament’s army

(Catalogue ref SP 16/506/45)

[Extra explanations are in square brackets.]

It is ordered by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament, for the defence of the king and Parliament and the true Protestant religion and the laws and freedoms of the kingdom, that an army immediately be raised, made up of:

This army shall be paid according to the arrangement to be made by both Houses of Parliament, and shall be under the immediate command of Sir Thomas Fairfax, Knight, …

And it is further ordered by the Lords and Commons, that from the 1st of February 1644, the sums of money mentioned below shall be taxed and paid for the payment of the army and related costs in the following way.

That is: There shall be a monthly charge, until the 1st of December next, if the war goes on so long, upon:

And so that these sums of money may be taxed and paid, it is further ordered by the Lords and Commons that the Committees appointed for the cities, counties and places mentioned shall meet together (at some convenient place in each of the cities, counties and places) within eight days of this order being published. Afterwards, at least seven of them shall meet (at such places as they think fit) at least twice every week, to quickly put this order into action; …

And at once the Committees are authorised and required to appoint whatever number of people they think fit within their areas to be assessors of the rates. These people are authorised and required to assess every person within their area who has any land or money, [to pay] according to the rates mentioned in this order.

[In old money: 4 farthings equalled one penny, 12 pence equalled one shilling and 20 shillings equalled £1.]