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The National Archives Civil War
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Why did people go to war in 1642?

Case study 2: 1640-42 - Source 3


A document setting out the wishes of Parliament, December 1640

(Catalogue ref: SP 16/474/8)

  1. whatsoever is declared by the 2 houses binds the starchamber the Lords of your Counncell and all other Courts of Justice.
  2. that the king hath not power to lay an imposition upon forayne (much lesse home bred) commodityes though with consent of the merchants without Consent of Parliament.
  3. that the clergy though by the Kings Consent and with his Confirmation can make no Constitution or Canons to bind the clergy (much lesse the laity) without consent of Parliament. Ex consequenti the King alone can not doe it without such consent.
  4. that of right we ought to have Parliaments one or twice a yeare.
  5. that dissolving of Parliaments suddaynly without redressing the greivances Complayned of is a great greivance.