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Why did people want the king back in 1646?

Case study 1: Effects of war, 1642-45 - Source 6

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A map showing the defences of London in 1643

(William Maitland, ‘The History of London from its foundation by the Romans to the present Time’, 1739)

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W. Maitland, History of London, 1739

What is this source?

This is a map of London showing the defences that Parliament built for the protection of the city.


What's the background to this source?

Parliament controlled London during the Civil War. This was a key factor in Parliament’s final victory. London had a large population and lots of wealth. This helped to pay for the war.


It's worth knowing that...

As a rule, the people of London supported Parliament against the king for most of the war. However, they paid a heavy price in taxes and seized goods and horses.


Your turn: What can we learn from this source?

  1. How does this source help us to see that London was important to Parliament?
  2. How many defensive positions were there?
  3. Do you think it was cheap to build and keep these defences in good condition? Who paid?
  4. The defences were built to keep attackers out. Could they also have been used to control the population inside the city? Explain your answer.
  5. How does this source help to explain why many people were supporting Charles in 1646?