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Why did people want the king back in 1646?

Case study 1: Effects of war, 1642-45 - Source 3

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A report of discussions in Parliament concerning Cheshire’s attempt to be neutral, 9 January 1643

(Catalogue ref: SP 9/245/12)

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SP9/245/12; report on Cheshire, 1643

What is this source?

These extracts are from a newspaper that supported the Parliamentary side.


What's the background to this source?

The vast majority of people in England did not want to go to war in 1642. On 23 December 1642 the political nation (gentry and lords) of Cheshire went further than most counties. They signed the Bunbury Agreement. Both Royalist and Parliament supporters agreed that Cheshire would be neutral in the war. It would not help or hinder either side.


It's worth knowing that...

Deputy Lieutenants were important officials who represented king or Parliament in their local areas. The Militia Ordinance was an order sent out by Parliament in 1642. It ordered local officials to raise troops to fight for the Parliamentary cause.


Your turn: What can we learn from this source?

  1. According to this document, what mistakes had the Deputy Lieutenants of Chester made?
  2. What was the agreement that was made in Cheshire? (Use the notes if you cannot work this out from the source.)
  3. What was Parliament’s reaction to the Cheshire agreement?
  4. What reasons did Parliament give for its views?
  5. How do you think the people of Cheshire might have felt when they read this journal?
  6. How does this source help to explain why many people were supporting Charles in 1646?