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Why did people go to war in 1642?

Case study 2: 1640-42 - Source 8

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Voluntary payments to help Charles I’s armies, June 1642

(Catalogue ref: SP 16/491/29)

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SP16/491/29; payment for Charles's army 1642

What is this source?

This is part of a list of lords and officials who agreed to help Charles with his war effort against Parliament.


What's the background to this source?

By now relations between Charles and Parliament were a disaster. The war officially began on 22 August 1642, two months after this document was written.


It's worth knowing that...

Although we talk about Charles fighting Parliament, we should remember that the country was divided in many ways and the great majority did not want any war at all.


Your turn: What can we learn from this source?

What was James trying to say? Try to identify parts of the speech showing that:

  1. What types of men were listed on this document?
  2. What have they agreed to do?
  3. Why might this class of men have supported the king’s side?
  4. According to this document, what were the king’s forces fighting to defend?
  5. What does this source tell us about support for Charles I in 1642?
  6. Does this source give us any clues about why the kingdom went to war in 1642?