The interactive parts of this resource no longer work, but it has been archived so you can continue using the rest of it.

The National Archives Civil War
Download and print PDF version Civil War > Why did people go to war in 1642? > 1637-39 > Source 4

Why did people go to war in 1642?

Case study 1: 1637-39 – Source 4

source selector

An announcement from Charles to the people of Scotland, May 1639

(Catalogue ref: SP 45/10/225)

View transcript View simplified transcript
To listen to this podcast, you will require Adobe Flash 9 or higher and must have Javascript enabled.
SP45/10/225; Charles addresses Scotland, 1637

What is this source?

This is an extract from a proclamation (announcement or order) made by Charles at Newcastle on 14 May 1639 telling people in Scotland what he wanted them to do. He was trying to end rebellion in Scotland.


What's the background to this source?

Charles had been facing rebellion from his subjects in Scotland since 1637. The Scots refused to accept changes that Charles wanted to make to the church in Scotland.


It's worth knowing that...

Charles raised an army to fight the Scots in 1638. By May 1639, when this proclamation was made, Charles did not have enough money to continue the fight. This meant he had to try and reach an agreement with the Scottish rebels.


Your turn: What can we learn from this source?

  1. What did the king offer the Scots?
  2. What did the Scots have to promise in return?
  3. How would you describe Charles’s attitude towards the Scots?
  4. Does this source give us any clues about why the kingdom went to war in 1642?
  5. Study the notes that support this source.
  6. What problems caused the rebellion in Scotland?
  7. What other problems did the Scottish rebellion cause for Charles?