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SP 15/27B, fol 117; letter. Edmund Campion
trained as a Roman Catholic priest in Dublin, Douai (in the
Low Countries) and Prague, where he joined the Society of Jesus
(Jesuits). The Jesuits sent him to England in 1580. This letter
was sent to a friend abroad later that year and shows what it
was like for a Roman Catholic priest travelling in secret around
England, helped by many, yet in permanent danger of being caught.
In Part (i) he describes how he was nearly arrested on arrival
at Dover. (Dr. Allen was head of a seminary at Douai, which
trained English Roman Catholic priests. He may have been the
person to whom this letter was written.)
Part (ii) describes how he travelled about the country in secret,
staying in safe Roman Catholic houses.
In part (iii) he describes how he avoids those out to catch
In part (iv) he explains that he only came as a priest and asked
to preach to the Queen and court.
However, the fact that the private letter from which these extracts
were taken is in the government papers suggests that they were
on to him. He was caught at Wantage in July 1581, tortured,
tried as a traitor and hanged. The Roman Catholic Church made
him a saint in 1970.
As you read these three Sources,
-compare the attitudes and personalities of Campion and Hamertun.
-Look for evidence of the government's attitude and their network
of anti-Catholic informers.
In Source 1 look for:
-evidence of Campion's personality;
-evidence that there was still lots of support for Roman Catholicism
(-but note that he might exaggerate this);
-evidence that lots of people were very hostile to Roman Catholics
and that the government were working hard to catch him;
-evidence that there was no real distinction between heresy
Put some of the examples you have
found from these Sources into your Gallery Worksheet.