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Name Esri Shapefile Geospatial Metadata File
Other names  
Identifiers PUID:  fmt/1729
Classification GIS
Description Esri Shapefile (actually a collection of files), was introduced with ArcView GIS software in the early 1990s, but is now used within a wide variety of software. It enables geographical datasets to be used between Esri and other GIS software. Esri Shapefiles consist of a collection of files within a directory. They always have files with extension shp, shx and dbf. The actual shapefile is the .shp file, but the other files are required supporting files. The shp.xml file is not mandatory, and stores geospatial metadata in xml format.
Byte order  
Related file formats Has priority over Extensible Markup Language (1.0)
Technical Environment  
Supported until  
Format Risk  
Developed by Esri / Esri
Supported by Esri / Esri
Source Yan Han / University of Arizona Library
Source date 07 Jul 2022
Source description  
Last updated 07 Jul 2022
Note Specification:
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