The final version of Magna Carta shown here, confirmed by Henry III in 1225, was different in several respects from the Great Charter of 1215. Its immediate origins lay in the barons' opposition to King John's arbitrary rule, but they were also reacting against long-term royal abuses of power by his predecessors. John was forced to concede sweeping limitations to royal authority by granting Magna Carta, but he immediately reneged and plunged England into civil war. His death in 1216 allowed the minority government of his son Henry III to issue a weaker version of the charter, but one that still encapsulated the principle that no one, including the crown, was above the laws of England. It was this version that was incorporated into English law.