Introduction

Return to list

Introduction

This is the twenty-second Security Service release and contains 60 files, bringing the total number of its records in the public domain to just under 4,000.

As with previous releases, approximately four-fifths of the records are personal files relating to individuals (KV 2), with a small number of policy files (KV 4), organisation files (KV 5) and list files (KV 6).

The files cover subjects from the pre-war period, the Second World War and the post-war period in roughly equal quantities, dealing with a range of groups and subjects, including: German intelligence agents and officers; Communists; Soviet intelligence agents and officers; right-wing extremists;  Czech refugees; and others.

Of the personal files in this release, the most notable include those relating to Romanian defector Alexandru Ionescu, celebrity photographer Lee Miller, actress Mai Zetterling, right-wing extremist Ralph Dawson and Portuguese secret agent Gastao de Freitas Ferraz.

The personal files are listed under the following categories:

  • German intelligence agents and suspected agents (KV 2/2946-2951)
  • German intelligence officers (KV 2/2952-2953)
  • Soviet intelligence officers (KV 2/2957-2961)
  • Soviet intelligence agents and suspected agents (KV 2/2962-2967)
  • Right-wing extremists (KV 2/2968-2972)
  • Communist and suspected Communists, including Russian and Communist sympathisers (KV 2/2973-2994)
  • Other subjects of Security Service enquiries (KV 2/2954-2956)

There is also a single "unallocated" personal file (KV 2/2995).

This release includes policy files (KV 4/435-438) dealing with legal decisions on subversive material in the armed forces in peacetime and with Security Intelligence Middle East (SIME) organisation. There is also a single organisation file (KV 5/80) relating to the communist Macdonald Discussion Group.

The list files (KV 6/82-86) include files on various communist Czech and Austrian refugees and on the communist photographer Lee Miller.

A few files have been weeded whilst others have been reconstituted from microfilm of the original document and are therefore in photocopy form. In both cases this is indicated here.

Most personal files include a minute sheet attached to the inside cover, providing a useful index to the file.

Highlights of this release include:

  • German intelligence agent Gastao de Freitas Ferraz, arrested at sea to protect the secret of the convoy for operation TORCH (KV 2/2946-2947);
  • Actress Mai Zetterling (KV 2/2994);
  • Vogue photographer Lee Miller (KV 6/82);
  • Peter Bergson, alias Kook, Zionist extremist (KV 2/2956);
  • Soviet intelligence agents in Shanghai Leon Minster (KV 2/2962), Maxim Rivosh (KV 2/2963-2964) and Brian Naidis (KV 2/2965);
  • Romanian defector Alexandru Ionescu (KV 2/2966-2967);
  • Right-wing extremist actor Ralph Dawson (KV 2/2970-2972);
  • Scottish Communist (and former Scottish Nationalist and Labour Parties member) Malcolm MacEwen (KV 2/2985-2989);
  • Reports on Guy Liddell's visit to SIME, 1947 (KV 4/438) and SIME registry arrangements (KV 4/436-437).