German intelligence officers

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German intelligence officers

Otto Schueddekopf (KV 2/2646-2648)

These three reconstituted files cover the interrogation of Otto Schueddekopf, arrested in Braunschweg in May 1945, who since 1942 had been responsible for German espionage operations in Britain, Ireland and the United States.

After some bureaucratic difficulties in handling his transfer from Germany to CSDIC in the UK (detailed in KV 2/2646, 1936-1945), Schueddekopf was interrogated and revealed many details of German wartime intelligence work and organisation. These are captured in the edited notes of his interrogation at serial 26a (KV 2/2647, 1945) and the final interrogation report at serial 46a (KV 2/2648, 1945-1946). This last includes Schueddekopf's information about the CICERO spy case (German espionage against the British ambassador to Turkey), which is contained in a Top Secret supplement following page 63 of the main report.

The files also include at serial 33a (KV 2/2647) Schueddekopf's account of the German Intelligence Service's knowledge of the British intelligence services, which prompted the comment "It will be of interest to learn from his interrogation whether SCHUEDDEKOFF is in reality as ill-informed as this report suggests."

Horst Pflug-Hartnung (KV 2/2643-2644)

Pflug-Hartnung had been a member of the Freikorps, the German volunteer movement opposed to the Spartacists after the First World War, where he became friends with the future head of the Abwehr, Wilhelm Canaris. By 1931, when this file opens, he was working with a Fascist organisation in Sweden importing armaments illegally. Having been caught, Pflug-Hartnung was expelled, and documents created at the time and on this file (KV 2/2643, 1931-1946) identify him as having been directly involved in the murders of Spartacists Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht in 1919.

Pflug-Hartnung then went to Norway, from where he was asked to leave, and settled in Denmark, where in 1938 he was again captured after involvement in illicit activity. This time he was found to be running an espionage network spying on British shipping movements into and out of the Baltic. The Danes rolled up the entire organisation. Secret Intelligence Service reports of the time, on this file, complain at the inadequacy of their information on the case, as they had to rely on newspaper reports.

Pflug-Hartnung's history is summarised at serial 59a, where he is noted as having been in control of the Kriegs Marine Dienst in Bordeaux in 1944, and of having been arrested by the American forces and taken as a prisoner of war to Arizona for questioning. The American interrogation report at serial 88a (KV 2/2644, 1946-1948) characterises Pflug-Hartnung as "…a patriotic GERMAN, but traditionally and violently opposed to all things Socialistic, Commuinstric [sic] and, above all, Asiatic. He is not a Nazi." Pflug-Hartnung was released in Germany in November 1947.