North Atlantic Treaty Organisation association of Greece and Turkey

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North Atlantic Treaty Organisation association of Greece and Turkey

N.A.T.O. Association of Greece & Turkey

K.Y. 

Earlier, in Def. Cttee, for reasons in para. 11 we have bn. against their admission.  Now in memo, we favour admission, for reasons in para. 12.  But, once more, want some latitude in handling this because views expd by other N.A.T.O. members   esp. French.
Latitude on timing – also further study, in first instance in Standing Group:  then betwn. 3 Govts.
We have always thght. N.A.T.O. membership wasn't best method of getting guarantee of security for G & T.  Only U.S. can give this.  They now say only thro' membership.
Turks have pressed hard for membership.  And, as we can't guarantee their security, awkward for us to oppose a U.S. offer of membership.
French view
i) Provocn to R.:  encirclement.
ii) Don't like extendg. "automatically" principle to Balkans. (They suspect rashness of U.S. on that.)
iii) Fr. Elections are near.  No French Govt. cd. accept this until Elections are over.  Govt. have commd themselves to consult Chamber before extendg. membership.
Hedge therefore with U.S. pro-tem. – tho' we agree in principle we may have to accept this in the end.
This is tied up to some extent with Med. Command.  Another reason for delay.

C.I.G.S. 

We have come to concln tht. unitarily balance/advantage is in favour of admittg. G. & T. to membership.  Won't make it more diff. for us to get them (or Turkey) into a M/E. assocn.

P.M. 

Grave pol. dangers.  Change N.A.T.O. conceptn into anti-Comm Pact.
T & G. are not Atlantic, nor v. democratic.  Spain wd. be the next.
Go v. slow.  No concln in favour – even in principle.  Refer it back.

H.D. 

Don't prejudice Fr. Elections.  Want Turks in, but not necessary in N.A.T.O.

McN. 

Giving T. automatic guarantee wd. make M/E assocn more difficult to get

C.I.G.S. 

Wd. increase T.'s readiness to fight.  Wdn't put off the others.
T. is essential to M/E. defence.  She has troops, who wd. fight.  That wd. encourage other M/E. States to come in.

E.Sh. 

T. pressing strongly.  Charles supports their view.  If they aren't admitted, U.S. will give unilateral guarantee of their security.  We don't want T. to look over much to West:  we may need them more in East.
Mil. implicns need to be worked out more fully.  But U.S. don't like waiting.  And Turks are pressing.
French:  always puttg. things off because Elections.  They also want to enter the discns re M/E.:  we don't want them in.
"Encirclement" – wd. arise on alternative of U.S. guarantee. (?)
This is tied up with Med. Command.  Set up we want is this.  Shd. like G.  & T. in N.A.T.O.  Want T. in a M/E Command.  May have to accept Allied Command in M/E., with Br. Supreme.
Extending N.A.T.O. to non-Atlantic powers.  Don't think we can prevent it.
Bound to come.  Or Reg. Pacts in assocn with N.A.T.O.
H.M. can have room to manoeuvre – but we must placate Turkey.

P.M. 

That turns N.A.T.O. into anti-Cominform Pact.

E.Sh. 

What else is it now?  And the more countries we add, the better.

A.V.A. 

I wd. prefer armed neutrality by Turkey.
But if T. is admitted, we must safeguard B. control of Cyprus.
Don't like possibility of GK. troops into Cyprus.

P.M. 

We are too often rushed into things by U.S., w'out adequate considn.
Not only a guarantee to Turkey.  But multiplies points of friction wh. can lead to world war.  Play this v. slow.

J. 

N.A.T.O. is anti-Comm Pact.  Can't hit R. w'out Turkey.  Inevitable developmt.  But others must be brght. along to recognise this.
Not only France, but other N.A.T. members.                                   
But don't appear to Turks tht. we are obstructg. their membership.

E.Sh.

N.A.T. Council proposed for early July.  We cd. say tht. because mil implicns St. Grp. shd. submit report to council. This wd. avoid seeming to be opposed to Turks.

G.W. 

We shd. be pre-disposed in favour.  Play slow – but because best way of getting it, not to put it off.
We want U.S. in M/E.  Better to get them in via N.A.T.O., rather than by unilateral guarantee to T.
Want N.A.T. extended.  World war:  need a world organisation.
Tell old Doms, what our attitude is:  so they can discuss at Malta.

H.S. 

I favour a genl. Pact., vice series of Reg. Pacts.

McN. 

If you propose an anti-Cominform Pact, you can't choose who the members will be.
M/E. Treaty:  prospects bound to be damaged by admn of Turkey.

P.M. 

N.A.T.O. is def. organn.  Diff. enough with 12. cf. Commands.  How work that in practice with many more than 12?

G.T. 

N.A.T.O. was to meet threat in the West.  Avoid "encirclement".
Conceptn of a defensive Pact must be m'tained.  No preventive war.
Support P.M.'s original view.

H.G. 

I accept memo. largely because unsatisf. state of our M/E. defence posn.
           x| We need effective orgn there.
Choice:  M/E. arrangemt. or bringing T. into N.A.T.O.
U.S. arguemts. in para. 4. v. Med. or M/E. Pact are strong.
Extending conceptn of N.A.T.O. doesn't worry me.  It is an anti-Comm Pact, tho' defensive in character.
G. &.T. are both in O.E.E.C. & C/Europe.  Makes it easier.
Tho' I agree to play this slow, don't give U.S. & T. impn we are r. it.

P.M. 

What U.S. want us to do is to give a positive lead.  Can't do that & also play it slow.

C.I.G.S. 

Agree with x/.  And no improvemt. save by incldg. T. in a M/E. Command.
We want T. in M/E.  Eisenhower & Co. want it in West.
We can't defend M/E w'out Turkey.  If war comes there, we must have plans made with T.
T. must come into some form of M/E defence organn.  Bear this in mind throughout any negotns.

P.M. 

We shd. insist on knowg. what U.S. intentns are in M/E. before agreeing to this.

C.I.G.S. 

Allied Sup. Comm. in M/E. with Br. Commr.  Latest U.S. suggn.

P.M. 

But what troops? 

C.I.G.S. 

Only such sea as Ike can spare.
They think we shd. look after M/E. as they do Pacific.
But good chance of bringing U.S. forces in if there's an Allied Command.

E.Sh. 

T. in N.A.T.O. wd. bring U.S. in automatically.
T. won't enter a M/E. assocn – certainly not w'out U.S. guarantee. or N.A.T.O. assocn.
Put T. into N.A.T.O.  Then have an Allied Command for M/E. under N.A.T.O.  Then we have all we want.

McN. 

Then get it clear with U.S. tht. T. is to have a primarily M/E. role.

H.G. 

Then accept U.S. invitn on followg. condns:-
 i) satisfy. arrangmt. re M/E. Command.
ii) make it quite clear we won't admit Spain.
iii) play it slow because Fr. elections & mil. study m'while.

K.Y. 

With a month's delay these points will come out.  But don't make them express condns.
Discuss in St. Grp.  Make U.S. clear their minds re T.'s role.
Let other N.A.T. Powers also be given explns.

P.M. 

I want to know U.S. mind on this before we agree.
Care of U.S. intentns.  They may want Turkey as air base v. R.

   { Say.  We don't disagree in principle.
   {           Mil. implicns to be worked out.
   {           Consider Council mtg.

Taken from C.M. 36(51) - Meeting held on 22 May 1951.