German intelligence officers

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German intelligence officers

Hugo Bleicher ( KV 2/2127)

Bleicher, often operating under a pseudonym such as Colonel Heinrich, was one of the most effective Abwehr agents operating in France against the Resistance (though he is noted after his capture on this file as saying he would rather have spent his time arresting criminals and black marketers). He was closely involved in the rounding up of several circuits and was involved in the interrogations of numerous resisters. Much of this file, covering 1943-1946, deals with the Service's attempts to establish the true identity of Heinrich, who was a key figure in the complicated case of Henri Dericourt. It was not until early 1945 that Bleicher was confirmed as identical with Heinrich (the first to confirm it on this file was Hugh Astor in February that year, serial 23a). The file includes several testaments to Bleicher's professional attitude to his work, including from men whom he interrogated. One such is the lengthy testimony of Pierre de Vomecourt at serial 33b. When Bleicher was finally arrested by the Dutch Resistance in June 1945, the Security Service took particular care to ensure that he was sent to Camp 020 for interrogation rather than to France. His full Camp 020 interrogation report is not on this file.