Jellicoe, Sir John (1859-1935) Commander-in-chief of the Grand Fleet from August 1914
until November 1916, when he was replaced by David Beatty. Jellicoe
was criticised in some quarters for his cautious tactics at the
Battle of Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916). He subsequently served as
first sea lord until December 1917.
July crisis Term used by historians to describe the period of escalating diplomatic
and military tensions in Europe during the summer of 1914. It began
with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June and
ended with the beginning of the First World War on 1 August.
Peninsula extending into the North Sea, of which the northern part
is owned by Denmark and the southern part by Germany. The only set-piece
naval battle of the First World War - between the British Grand
Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet - was fought 75 miles off the
Jutland coast. Widely considered to have ended in a 'draw', a result
that kept Britain in control of the seas.