Despite the setback at Kut-al-Amara, the British
position in Mesopotamia was far from hopeless. Indeed, with reinforced
troop divisions and a new leader in General
F S Maude, British and Indian forces again advanced rapidly
up the Tigris in early 1917.
Kut-al-Amara was recaptured on 24 February, and
Ctesiphon, where the previous British advance had been checked in
November 1915, was taken soon afterwards. On 11 March, British troops
finally entered Baghdad. The path was cleared for an advance into
northern Mesopotamia, towards the heart of the Ottoman empire in
Anatolia. When the war with Turkey ended on 30 October 1918, British
forces in Mesopotamia had reached as far north as the oil-rich district
which was captured on 3 November.
During the four years of fighting in the region,
more than 31,000 officers and men from the British and Indian armies
had died in combat or from disease.
Indian army soldier
after the siege of Kut
British troops entering Baghdad