Treaty of Versailles

Extract from the Treaty of Versailles, 28 June 1919.

The Treaty of Versailles, signed by Germany and the Allies on 28 June 1919, was the most controversial of the post-war settlements with the defeated Central Powers. Articles 227-231 deal with some of the 'penalties' imposed by the treaty. The idea of bringing Kaiser Wilhelm II to trial as a war criminal before an Allied 'tribunal' (Article 227) never materialised. The former emperor lived quietly in Holland until his death in 1941. In contrast, the controversy surrounding Article 231 - the so-called 'war guilt clause' - profoundly influenced inter-war politics in Europe.
Catalogue reference: FO 211/517 (28 Jun 1919)

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