Prosecution of Lollards, 1414
Catalogue reference: KB 27/613, rex rot. 6


Ad Huc de termino Sancti Trinitatis Rex

Dominus Rex mandavit dilectis et fidelibus suis Willelmo Hankeford et sociis suis justiciariis domini regis ad placita coram ipso rege tenendum et assignatum breve suum clausum in hec verba - Henricus dei gracia rex Anglie et Francie et dominus Hibernie dilectis et fidelibus suis Willelmo Hankeford et sociis suis justiciariis nosris ad placita coram nobis tenenda assignatis salutem Quedam indictamenta coram dilectus et fidelibus nostro Henry Fitz Hugh chivaler et sociis suis pretextu quarundam litterrarum nostrarum patentum eis confectarum facta et coram nobis in cancellaria nostram retornata aceciam quedam alia indictamenta coram certis commissionariis nostris in diversis comitata regni nostri Anglie pretextu diversarum litterarum nosrtarum patentum eis confectarum facta et coram nobis in propria persona nostra retornata una cum litteris predicits ac omnibus aliis permissa tangentibus vobis mittimus sub pede sigilli nostri mandantes quod inspectis indictamentis predictis ulterius inde fieri facta prout de jure et secundum legem et consuetudinem regni nostri Anglie fuerit faciendum Teste me ipso apud Westmonasterium xii die junii anno regni nostri secundo

Inquisicio capta apud Lughtburgh sexto die Februarii anno regni Regis Henrici quinto post conquestum primo coram Willelmo Roos de Hamelak Roberto Babthorp Willelmo Brokesby et Willelmo Palmer commissionariis domini Regis virtute cuiusdam commissionis eis ac Ricardo comiti Warr' Willelmo Ferrers de Groby Thome Maureward Thome Harrewelle ac vicecomitibus Warr' et Leyc' inde directe

Per sacramentum xij iuratorum extitit presentatum quod Johannes Warrewyk de Sadyngton et Rogerus Vaux de eadem sunt lollardi tendentes diversas oppiniones et alloquetes de decem mandates illicite et lociis illicitis contra doctrinam ecclesie sancta Anglicane

Item alia inquisicio inde sequentur in hec verba

Inquisicio capta apud Leycestr quinto die Februarii anno regni Regis Henrici quinti post conquestum primo coram Willelmo Roos de Hamelak Roberto Babthorp et Willelmo Palmere commissionariis domini Regis virtute cuisdam commissionis eis et Ricardo comiti Warrewici Willelmo Ferrers de Groby Thome Maureward Willelmo Brokesby Thome Harrewelle ac vicecomitibus Warr et Leyc inde directe

Per sacramentum xij iuratorum extitit presentatum quod ubi quidam Thomas Ile de Braybrooke est lollardus et compositor ac asportator billarum Johannis Oldecastell militis in favourem ipsius Johannis Oldecastell et quod Willelmus Smyth de Leycestre receptavit unam billarum predictarum per manus predicti Thome Ile quam quidem billam idem Willelmus liberavit Rogero Barbour de Leycestre et quod Johannes Belgrave de Leycestre est lollardus et excellens loquator versus papam ac potestatem eius et prelates tocius ecclesie per hec verba dicendo quod nullus fuit papa a tempore sancti Clementis pape usque in hunc diem et quod Willelmus Mably parchemyner Nicholaus Taillour de Leyc Radulphus Chapman Rogerus Goldesmyth et Laurencius Barbour de Leyc sunt communes lollardi repugnatores sacramentum et tenentes diversas oppiniones contra leges sancte ecclesie

Super quo dominus rex mandavit quoddam breve suum venerabili in Christo patri Phillippo episcopo Lincoln loci illius diocesano de recipiendo prisones predictos iuxta formam in eodem brevi contentam quod quidem breve sequitur in hec verba

Henricus Dei gracia rex Anglie et Francie et dominus Hibernie venerabili in Christo patri Phillippo eadem gracia episcopo Lincoln salutem Quia Johannes Warrewyk de Sadyngton Rogerus Vaux de eadem Willelmus Mably parchemyner Nicholaus Taillour de Leycestre Radulphus Chapman Rogerus Goldesmyth Laurencius Barbour de Leycestre Willelmus Smyth de Leycestre et Johannes Belgrave de Leycestre de diversis erroribus falsas doctrinis et opinionibus hereticis contra fidem Dei et sacrosancte ecclesie determinancionem per ipsos infra comitatum nostrum Leycestre et diocesim vestram nuper tentis doctis et nequiter affirmatis per diversas inqusicionis coram certis commissionariis nostris in hac parte de mandato nostro assignatis captas indicati et impetiti existant ea que de causa in prisona marescalcie nostre coram nobis adiu in arta custodia detenti exiterant nos que Dei Deo et ut magestas et dominacio sua diuina plus nostra terrena in omnibus anteferatur et maxime quod fides sacrosancte ecclesie que mater et origio salvacionis nostre et tocius populi christiani existunt in omnibus inviolata observetur reddere volentes correccionem dictorum Johannes Warrewyk et aliorum potestate vestre episcopali autoritate nostre regia et de assensu consilii nostri specialiter in hac parte reseruamus quorum corpora ad standum correccione vestre iuxta canonicas sancciones et forum ecclesiasticum una cum causis predictis presentibus interclusis vobis mittimus per dilectum servientem nostrum Thomam Frank presencium portitorem mandantes quod corpora eorundem Johannes Warrewyk et aliorum ab eodem portitore indilate recipiatis visique causis et materiis predictis ulterius quod juris ecclesiastice est et auctoritatas episcopalis vestra exposcit id quod ad officium vestrum de jure in hac parte pertinet faciatis indenturas inter vos et dictum portitorem nostrum super recepcione et liberacione personarum predictarum tunc facientes Teste W Hankeford apud Salop xvi die Junii anno regni nostri secundo
Et super hoc predicti Johannes Warrewyk et omnes alii deliberantur prefato Thome Frank ad eos salvo et secure conducendos coram prefato episcopo Ideo Thomas Warde marescellus de eis totaliter exoneratur [liberantur ordinario mar exoneratur]
Postea isto eodem termino predictus Thomas Frank protulit hic in curia unam partem cuiusdam indenture inter dictum episcopum et ipsum Thomam Frank iuxta tenorem dicti brevis in hac parte facte que affiliatur inter recorda de isto eodem anno


Translation

The document starts with a close writGlossary - opens new window to the judges of King's Bench instructing them to give judgement on returned indictments heard by commissioners in Leicestershire.

The king sent his writ close to his well beloved and faithful William Hankeford and his fellows, justices of the lord king assigned to hold pleas before the king himself, in these words. Henry by God's grace king of England and France and lord of Ireland to his well beloved and faithful Willaim Hankeford and his fellows justices assigned to hold pleas before us, greeeting. Certain indictments before our well beloved and faithful Henry FitzHugh, knight, and his fellows, acting upon certain of our letters patent made and returned before us in our chancery, and furthermore, certain other indictments before certain of our commissioners in diverse counties of our realm of England, upon the authority of our various letters patent made and returned before us in our proper person, one with the said letters, and all others

Inquisition held at Loughborough on the sixth day of February in the first year of the reign of King Henry, the fifth after the conquest before William Roos of Hamlake, Robert Babthorpe, William Brokesby, and William Palmer, commissioners of the king by virtue of a certain commission directed to them and to Richard earl of Warwick, William Ferrers of Groby, Thomas Maureward, Thomas Harwell and the sheriffs of Warwick and Leicester.

Upon the oath of twelve jurors it was presented that John Warwick of Saddington and Roger Vaux of the same are lollards, holding deviant opinions, and debating on the ten propositions unlawfully and in unlawful places, contrary to the doctrine of the holy English Church.

Item, another inquisition thereon follows in these words

Inqusition hed at Leicester on the fifth day of February in the first year of the reign of King Henry, the fifth after the conquest, before William Roos of Hamlake, Robert Babthorpe, William Brokesby, and William Palmer, commissioners of the king by virtue of a certain commission directed to them and to Richard earl of Warwick, William Ferrers of Groby, Thomas Maureward, Thomas Harwell and the sheriffs of Warwick and Leicester.

Upon the oath of twelve jurors it was presented that whereas a certain Thomas Ile of Brarybrooke is a lollard and writes and distributes the pamphlets of Sir John Oldcastle, in support of the said Sir John Oldcastle; and that William Smith of Leicester received one of the aforesaid pamphlets from the hands of the said Thomas Ile, and the said William delivered this pamphlet to Roger Barbour of Leicester; and that John Belgrave of Leicester is a lollard and a notorious speaker against the pope and his power, and the prelates of the whole Church in these words, saying that there was no pope from the time of St Clement the pope until this day, and that William Mably parchment maker, Nicholas Taylor of Leicester, Ralph Chapman, Roger Goldsmith and Lawrence Barbour of Leicester are common lollards, rejectors of the Eucharist and holders of deviant opinions against the laws of the Holy Church.

Upon this, the king sent his writ to the venerable father in Christ, Philip, bishop of Lincoln, the diocesan of the said place, to receive the aforesaid prisoners in accordance with the terms contained in the said writ, and this writ follows in these words:

Henry, by the grace of God, king of England and of France and lord of Ireland, to the venerable father in Christ, Philip, by the same grace bishop of Lincoln, greeting. Because John Warwick of Saddington, Roger Vaux of the same, William Mably, parchment maker, Nicholas Taylor of Leicester, Ralph Chapman , Roger Goldsmith, Lawrence Barbour of Leicester, Wiliam Smith of Leicester and John Belgrave of Leicester and charged and indicted by various inquisitions held before certain commissioners appointed by us in this matter at our command, of diverse errors false doctrines and heretical opinions held, taught, and wickedly affirmed by them recently, contrary to the faith of God and the decisions of the Holy Church, within our county of Leicester and your diocese, and for that reason they have been for a long time in our prison of our marshalsea of the king's bench in close custody, and we wishing to render unto God the things that are His and that his divine majesty should come before our earthly concerns in all things, and especially that the faith of Holy Church, which is the mother and source of our salvation and that of all Christian people, should be preserved inviolate in all things, do by our royal power and with the assent of our council specially reserve the correction of the said John Warwick and the others in this matter to your episcopal authority, and we send their persons to you, together with the aforesaid causes enclosed with these presents, to submit to your correction in accordance with canonical sanctions and ecclesiastical law, by our beloved servant Thomas Frank the bearer of these presents, commanding that you receive without delay the persons of the said John Warwick and the others from the said bearer, and that having inspected the aforesaid causes and matters, you do further what pertains to ecclesiastical law and what your episcopal authority requires and what pertains of right to your office in this respect, and that you do make out indentures between yourself and our said bearer regarding the delivery and acceptance of the aforesaid persons. Witness William Hankford at Shrewsbury the sixteenth day of June in the second year of our reign.

And thereupon the said John Warwick and all the others are handed over to the aforesaid Thomas Frank so that he could conduct them in safe and secure custody before the aforesaid bishop. Therefore Thomas Warde the marshal is entirely discharged for them.

Afterwards in the same term the aforesaid Thomas Frank proffered here in court one portion of a certain indenture made between the said bishop and the said Thomas Frank in this matter in accordance with the terms of the said writ, and it is filed among the records of this same year.


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