In 1483 Parliament granted a second alien
to Edward IV, for one year, for the 'tuition and defence' of the
realm. Under its terms, an alien was defined as anyone not born
in the realm or who had not become a denizen.
The grant sets out the different rates at which aliens were to be
assessed. Clearly there was no uniform treatment of foreigners:
some were accorded more favourable treatment than others. Alien
householders were subject to the standard rate of 6s 8d, non-householders
to 2s. Alien brewers paid 20s, while merchants, brokers and attorneys
from Venice, Genoa, Florence, Milan, Catalonia and Lombardy resident
in the realm for 3 years or more paid 15s, and those who were neither
denizens nor householders paid 20s.
Catalogue reference: C 65/113, no. 9 (1483)