woman's place is in the home?
The 1901 census found that less than one-third of women
were in paid employment. However, this statistic is almost certainly
underestimated because work done in the home often went unrecorded.
Most women who undertook paid employment in 1901 did so because
they had to. Widowhood, for members of the working classes,
almost always meant penury; some women felt the need to boost
the family income because their husbands were unemployed or
poorly paid; others worked because they had no other family
members to support them. There were, of course, some women
who worked to maintain their independence, but they were in