Jenny Judelson was born in 1900 at 200 Rothschild Buildings,
Spitalfields, east London and educated at Commercial Street
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Staff and pupils
Overall, the average ratio of students to teachers
in public elementary schools in 1901 (if student/pupil teachers
were excluded) was 48.5. By 1938, this had fallen to 30.9
and to 22.7 by 1981.
The 1901 census recorded 230,345 schoolteachers, of whom
144,393 (74.5%) were female. Male and female teachers were
not paid equally: at the Commercial Street board school. Charles
Freeman, head of the boys' school, earned £220 p.a.,
while the head of the girls' school, Miss Lizzie Roberts,
was paid £166 p.a. The most junior male teacher was
paid £90 p.a. (compared to about £66 p.a. for
a newly-recruited Metropolitan police officer), while salaries
for female teachers started at £80 p.a.
The number of teachers in 1901 had significantly increased
(by 18.1%) from that of 1891; this represented a continuation
of the rise in teacher numbers (per head of population aged
3 to 20) since the introduction of universal elementary education
in 1871. The Census Report noted that, in the same period,
there had been a substantial drop in illiteracy.