The Sydney Games were a symbol of the need to reconcile and respect the Aboriginal populations of Australia, with Cathy Freeman lighting the Olympic flame. Freeman went on to win the 400m race.
New additions to the programme this year included triathlon and taekwondo. The well organised events in Sydney were applauded as celebrations of Olympic sporting and cultural values.
The UK also applied to host the 2000 Olympics, but was unsuccessful until 2012.
The National Archives' collections cover the UK's bid to host the Olympics in Manchester, as well as historical images of Sydney.