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Subject of Security Service enquiry
Eric Arthur Roberts
- Catalogue ref: KV 2/3873
- Date: 25/02/1943-08/01/1944
These files include more details on the 'Fifth Column Case', also variously referred to as the 'Jack Case' and the 'SR case'. The case was estimated to have provided information on 'scores' if not 'hundreds' of Nazi sympathisers, mainly in London and the south-east, between 1942 and 1945. Roberts was an MI5 officer posing as a Gestapo officer, and acted as a focus for information gathered about the war effort by Nazi sympathisers in Britain, thus ensuring it did not reach the enemy.
The files contain special material consisting of transcribed conversations between 'Jack King' and members of his pro-Nazi group bringing in reports about the Allied war effort suitable for passing to Berlin. Subjects include the need for a renewed Blitz, with more bomb damage aimed at undermining public morale, and possible aid to an invading German force.
The files span KV 2/3873 - 3874. KV 2/3874 has been digitised.
- Catalogue ref: KV 2/3875
- Date: 1/12/1946 - 20/02/1967
In 1942 the US authorities were told that Oppenheimer, then working on the atomic bomb project at Los Alamos, was a communist sympathiser. However his security clearance was not withdrawn until 1953. He was officially 'rehabilitated' in 1963. Initial British interest in Oppenheimer appears to have stemmed from possible links to Jewish organisations in the Middle East. The files then focus heavily on Oppenheimer's supposed Communist sympathies, including press cuttings relating to the Un-American Activities Committee.
There are some documents discussing more general Soviet attempts to penetrate the atomic bomb programme, including mention of Arthur ADAMS (KV 2/3787-8). Most of the information is derived from newspapers or American intelligence sharing and there are examples of requests for information from the US Government, particularly regarding concerns Oppenheimer was planning on defecting.
The files span KV 2/3875 to 2/3877. KV 2/3875 has been digitised.
- Catalogue ref: KV 2/3878
- Date: 05/09/1942-31/12/1962
Grivas led the military campaign in Cyprus with the aim of achieving 'Enosis', or union, with Greece. The British Security Services tracked Grivas in the Cypriot mountains where he was often disguised as a priest. These files include reports naming the former Greek army officer as 'Dighensis', the nom de guerre of the leader of the EOKA nationalist paramilitary organisation (KV 2/3878). Grivas had been a fierce anti-communist during the Second World War and the British hoped to link him to atrocities carried out in Greece by his so-called 'X Organisation' in order to turn the Cypriot communists against EOKA.
Described as an 'opportunist man of action', the files include extracts from Grivas' diary captured by the British in 1955 and 1956 while he was based in the mountains, and reports on his views of Archbishop Makarios (KV 2/3879). A press report from June 1959 reporting that Grivas had 'signed a contract with an independent Hollywood producer' to make a film of Cypriot underground resistance is also included (KV 2/3880). Handwritten letters from Grivas to his brother during the Second World War describe clashes with both the communists and the Nazis and an account of when his home was ransacked by communist forces (KV 2/3883).
The files span KV 2/3878 to KV 2/3883. KV 2/3883 has been digitised.
Julius Kambarage NYERERE
- Catalogue ref: KV 2/3887
- Date: 10/08/1953 - 21/07/1963
These files document Nyerere's leadership of the movement for Tanganyikan (Tanzanian) independence during the 1950s and 1960s. Independence from Britain was gained in December 1961 before Tanganyika merged with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964. Also included in the documents is an intercepted letter sent by sitting MP John Stonehouse on House of Commons headed paper, regarding setting up a meeting with Nyerere at the Palace of Westminster in June 1959 (KV 2/3888). Stonehouse is perhaps best remembered for his unsuccessful attempt at faking his own death in 1974, leaving a pile of clothes on a Miami beach.
The files span KV 2/3887 to KV 2/3893
- Catalogue ref: KV 2/3894
- Date: 20/08/1930-22/05/1963
A senior German army officer in the Second World War linked to the plot against Adolf Hitler. Post-1945 Speidel became commander of NATO land forces in the 1950s and was the subject of a communist-inspired campaign alleging that he had committed Nazi-style crimes before and during the war. These allegations reached the High Court in the UK and were found to have no substance.
The files span KV 2/3894 to KV 2/3896.