The National Archives
Search our website
  • Search our website
  • Search our records
Beginners' Latin
Survey of the lordship of Monmouth, extract. 1613-4. Cat ref: DL 42/122 f 11. Copyright of the Chancellor and Council of the Duchy of Lancaster

Lesson 4: Non; second conjugation verbs; numbers

Stage 1Stage 2

non - not

It’s easy to turn a sentence into a negative sentence. Put non in front of the verb:

agricola laborat The farmer works
agricola non laborat The farmer does not work
regina cartas confirmat The queen confirms the charters
regina cartas non confirmat The queen does not confirm the charters

Second conjugation verbs

These end in ‘-ere’.

debere to owe movere to move
habere to have sedere to sit
iacere to lie, be situated tenere to hold
monere to warn, summon videre to see

To conjugateGlossary - opens in a new window these verbs, remove the ‘-ere’ and add these endings:

Latin English Latin English
-eo I habeo I have
-es you habes you have
-et he/she/it habet he/she/it has
-emus we habemus we have
-etis you habetis you have
-ent they habent they have

Top of page Top of page

The key letter in these endings is ‘e’.

dominus Stephanus maneria tenet Lord Stephen holds the manors.
ecclesiam video I see the church.
cartas terris tenemus We hold the charters for the lands.
dominos monemus We warn the lords.
Gregorius testamentum non habet Gregory does not have a will.
Handy hints Handy hints for conjugating verbs
All verbs that end with
-o relate to I
-t relate to he/she/it
-mus relate to we
-nt relate to they
Remember: this applies to all conjugations.


Checklist Checklist:
Are you confident with:
The handy hints for conjugating verbs?
How to make a sentence negative?
How to conjugate a second conjugation verb like habere?


Top of page Top of page