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Lesson 6: Passive verbs - part 4 | 1 2 3 4 5 6

Forming the passive 2

Handy hint

To form the perfectView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window passive, pluperfectView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window passive and future perfectView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window passive tense change the ‘-m’ ending of the supineView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window to ‘-s’ to form the past participleView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window.

For example:

voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum (1)  vocatus, -a, -um

Remember that a past participle must agree with the word it modifies in gender, number and case and it declines like ‘bonus, -a, -umView this term in the Grammar table - this link opens in a new window.

Perfect passive tense

Add the present tense of the verb sum, esse, fui, -, ‘to be’ to the past participle.

Present passive of voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum (1) to call

Latin English
vocatus, vocata, vocatum sum I have been called, I was called
vocatus, vocata, vocatum es you have been called, you were called
vocatus, vocata, vocatum est he/she/it has been called, he/she/it was called
vocati, vocate, vocata sumus we have been called, we were called
vocati, vocate, vocata estis you have been called, you were called
vocati, vocate, vocata sunt they have been called, they were called

Handy hint

Often you will find that the perfect tense of the verb ‘sum’, ‘esse’, ‘fui, - ’‘to be’, is used instead of the present tense.

Checklist

Are you confident with:

  • The meaning of a perfect passive tense?
  • The form of a perfect passive tense?
Go to part 5
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