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Lesson 5: Pronouns - part 1 | 1 2 3 4

Personal pronouns

A pronoun is a word that stands in place of a nounView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window or noun phrase.

For example:

I looked at Tom I looked at him

‘Him’ is a pronoun which stands in place of ‘Tom’.

In Beginners’ Latin we looked at personal pronounsView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window.

  Personal pronouns
    ‘I’ and ‘we’ ‘you’
Singular Nominative ego tu
Accusative me te
Genitive mei tui
Dative mihi tibi
Ablative me te
Plural Nominative nos vos
Accusative nos vos
Genitive nostrum/nostri vestrum/vestri
Dative nobis vobis
Ablative nobis vobis

Handy hint

When ‘cum’ is used with a personal pronoun, it is added to the end.

For example:

Latin English   Latin English
mecum with me   tecum with you
nobiscum with us   vobiscum with you

Note that you may also encounter ‘-cumque’ attached to the end of a word. In this case, the meaning is ‘…ever’ or ‘…soever’.

For example:

Latin English
quandocumque whenever
qualitercumque howsoever

Demonstrative pronouns

There are several words which can be used as personal pronouns in the third person. These are called demonstrative pronouns. They are very common in documents and it is well worth spending some time studying their forms.

Singular M F N M F N M F N
Nominative hic hec hoc ille illa illud is ea id
Accusative hunc hanc hoc illum illam illud eum eam id
Genitive huius huius huius illius illius illius eius eius eius
Dative huic huic huic illi illi illi ei ei ei
Ablative hoc hac hoc illo illa illo eo ea eo
Plural                  
Nominative hi he hec illi ille illa ei/ii eae/ee ea
Accusative hos has hec illos illas illa eos eas ea
Genitive horum harum horum illorum illarum illorum eorum earum eorum
Dative his/hiis his/hiis his/hiis illis illis illis eis/iis eis/iis eis/iis
Ablative his/hiis his/hiis his/his illis illis illis eis/iis eis/iis eis/iis

For example:

Eum vidi I saw him
Hunc vidi I saw him
Illum vidi I saw him
Eam audio I hear her
Hanc audio I hear her
Illam audio I hear her

Handy hint

Note that these pronouns are also used as demonstrative adjectivesView the definition of this term - this link opens in a new window and are translated as ‘this’, ‘these’, ‘that’, ‘those’.

Checklist

Are you confident with:

  • The meanings of demonstrative pronouns?
  • The different forms of demonstrative pronouns?
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