The National Archives
Search our website
  • Search our website
  • Search our records

Lesson 2: Pluperfect tense - part 1 | 1 2

Irregular verbs

Handy hint

Two irregularDefinitions verbs you will frequently come across are ‘esse’, ‘to be’, and ‘ire’, ‘to go’. It is well worth learning their pluperfect forms.

The pluperfect tense of sum, esse, fui, -, ‘to be’ is formed as follows:

Latin English
fueram I had been
fueras you had been
fuerat he/she/it had been
fueramus we had been
fueratis you had been
fuerant they had been

The pluperfect tense of eo, ire, ivi, itum (4) ‘to go’ is formed as follows:

Latin English
iveram I had gone
iveras you had gone
iverat he/she/it had gone
iveramus we had gone
iveratis you had gone
iverant they had gone

Checklist

Are you confident with:

  • The meaning of the irregular verbs ‘esse’ and ‘ire’ in the pluperfect tense?
  • The form of the irregular verbs ‘esse’ and ‘ire’ in the pluperfect tense?
Activity
Try again