How to look for records of... Coastguard officers
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What records can I find at The National Archives at Kew?
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Did you know?
The Coastguard was formed in 1822 by the amalgamation of three services set up to prevent smuggling:
- the Revenue Cruisers
- the Riding Officers
- the Preventive Water Guard
In 1831 the Coastal Blockade also became part of the Coastguard.
From 1822 several different departments were responsible for the Coastguards, so Coastguard records are widely scattered in The National Archives.
After 1856 the duties of the Coastguard were defending the coast, providing a reserve for the Royal Navy, and preventing smuggling.
In 1925 the focus shifted towards saving lives, salvaging wrecks and supervising the foreshores.
The establishment books (in ADM 175) used the following abbreviations for coastguard ranks:
- chf officer = chief officer
- boatn = boatman
- chf btman = chief boatman
- permt extn = permanent extraman
- comd bn = commissioned boatman
- tempoy exn = temporary extraman