Catalogue ref: AIR 23/4297
Listen to this document
This source is part of a press release for the British and US media, as news of the surrender of Germany became known.
It comes from the Headquarters for the Army Air forces of the India Burma Theatre and Eastern Air Command.
By 1945 Allied forces were driving Japanese forces out of Burma. They captured the Burmese capital Rangoon in May 1945. It was an extremely hard campaign. The Japanese troops fought fiercely and skilfully and won the admiration of their enemies. However, by 1945 the Allies had enough troops and equipment to inflict major defeats on them.
A key element was air power. USA and British Empire pilots played an important role in the Burma campaign. Aircraft were vital for reconnaissance, attacking enemy positions and also for dropping supplies to troops who were deep in the jungle.
There was a lot of celebrating in Europe when VE-Day was announced. Some of the British troops in the Far East felt this was inappropriate since the war was not over.
The attitude of some troops is easier to understand when you remember that they did not know when the war was going to end. Most of the planning was based on the assumption that the war would last well into 1946.
Use this Power Point template for your presentation