Catalogue ref: AIR 23/4297
This source comes from a training manual used to prepare RAF pilots and service personnel ready for combat in jungle conditions. The source shows equipment issued to help pilots who were forced to parachute out of their aircraft to survive.
The Training and Intelligence services wanted to ensure that all aircrews carried such equipment on operations.
WW2 broke out in Europe in 1939. In the Far East war broke out on December 7th 1941 when Japanese forces destroyed the US fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The Japanese quickly followed up this victory with attacks on British held possessions in Malaya, Singapore and Burma. There were real fears that the Japanese would reach India. However, troops from Britain and many parts of the Empire fought a hard campaign to stop the Japanese advance by May 1942. It was not until late 1943 and early 1944 that the Allied forces began to drive the Japanese back. Rangoon, capital of Burma, was finally taken in May 1945.
Burma was a key territory for the Japanese because the Allies used road networks through Burma to supply the Chinese forces fighting Japan. The fighting conditions in this campaign were some of the toughest in any campaign of the war.
Many of the casualties in the Burma campaign were from diseases like malaria rather than enemy action.
The nature of the campaign meant that African and Indian troops were especially valued as many of them were more accustomed to the climate. Even so, many non-European troops also fell ill.
Use this Power Point template for your presentation