Source 3a

Part of a handbill in Welsh, 20 June 1843 (HO 45/454 f.107)

Transcript of the same section of the handbill in English


Do you think I can countenance or join your riotous proceedings? I tell you NO. And what is more, though I have fought, am fighting, and will continue to fight your battles, until I can obtain perfect justice and political regeneration for you and your children, I am and will always be the first man to keep the Queen’s peace, and prevent anything like rioting or disturbance. Enough has been done already to convince the Government of the great and universal discontent which your grievances have caused among you. They have sent down soldiers to keep the peace. I therefore entreat you not to meet together on Wednesday night. I have written for the soldiers to come here and prevent your doing any mischief if you should. Why will you hinder me from fighting your battles in the only way in which we can be successful; and by your violence and absurdity, which can do no good, turn me from a friend to an enemy? Your conduct is childish and absurd, and not like men who have great objects to attain. Why will you exhibit folly when wisdom is required? The penalty for pulling down a Turnpike House is TRANSPORTATION FOR LIFE. What good can you get by running such a risk, when you may attain every thing you ought to have, in a peaceable and quite manner, without running any danger whatever? I can only attribute it to your ignorance, which prevents you from being able to guide in its proper course the great and irresistible force which you possess. A hundredth part of your strength properly applied, will do more for you, and without risk, than a thousand times your power wasted in the absurdities you have lately indulged in. Be guided by me. Do what I tell you, and you must be victorious in the end. Go each one to your own homes on Wednesday night, peaceably and quietly. On Thursday morning let each Parish choose two Delegates to come to me (as the Parishes in the Hundred of Upper Elvet have done,) to make me acquainted with your grievances, and then follow implicitly the advice I shall give them. If you do, peace and prosperity will be sure to return to you. If you do not, I shall leave you to enjoy the results of your ignorance and folly.



countenance – approve

regeneration – change, improvement

grievances – causes for complaint, causes of distress

entreat – beg

absurdity – stupidity

objects – objectives

transportation – being sent away from Britain

attain – get, achieve

delegates – representatives

to make me acquainted with – to tell me of, to advise me of

implicitly – without question or doubt

Edward Crompton Lloyd Hall – high sheriff of Cardiganshire, he also campaigned for a secret ballot (voting in an election wasn’t secret at this time)

« Return to Rebecca riots

3. Look at Source 3. Edward Crompton Lloyd Hall, high sheriff of Cardiganshire, offers advice to Rebecca and her daughters in 1843.

  • Why does Hall tell Rebecca and her daughters not to meet together on Wednesday night?
  • How does Hall advise the Welshmen to act to get their views heard?
  • How does the handbill aim to persuade people to listen? (Comment on: text size; strong adjectives and nouns; Hall’s writing style.)
  • What information does this source provide about the attitude of the authorities towards Rebecca and her daughters?
  • Why do you think Hall had this handbill printed in English and Welsh?