Henry by the grace of God King of England. Know that we, have conceded to all our faithful people, all the liberties written below, by our charter, which formerly we caused to be made for them in the ninth year of my reign (1225).
We hold these rights to be reasonable and acceptable, renew them, sealed with my current seal, and concede and confirm them on behalf of the kings of England, for ever more.
This is a truly remarkable document at a truly remarkable Parliament in 1265. You can see that Henry III agrees to all of the terms of Magna Carta, and in the extension document [The Form of the Peace and King’s Oath] he agrees to a ‘security clause’. Henry is in prison and has little choice, but will he consider it a valid agreement since he is being forced to accept it?
Henry III’s Inspeximus (Inspection) of Magna Carta, March 1265
British Library, Harley MS 489 f.4
Test your understanding
Who is being granted these liberties?
Not quite right... Why don’t you return to the document and listen to the transcript again, then try again?
Excellent! That’s correct. It was all his faithful people.
Why have the barons rebelled against Henry III?
- Is it because Simon de Montfort is an ambitious traitor who wants power for himself? Is he not really interested in the liberties granted by Magna Carta and is acting like a revolutionary dictator by seizing power?
- Or is it Henry who cannot be trusted? Has he ruled the kingdom badly and he is also trying to get out of commitments he has made to rule according to Magna Carta and the Provisions of Oxford?
- It is the view of this chronicle that the barons have rebelled against King Henry III because…