Title: 7th Earl of Clare, and the 5th Earl of Hartford
Born: 1180 Died: 25 October 1230 (aged 50) Spouse: Isabel, daughter of the Earl of Pembroke
In 1225, Gilbert became the most powerful landowner in England - he inherited both the estates of his grandmother (Maud de St Hilary), as well as the title and estates of the Earl of Gloucester. Altogether he controlled 456 manors!
He also ended up marrying the daughter of the Earl of Pembroke, William Marshal - who held Gilbert captive after the battle of Lincoln in 1217.
Test your understanding
What do the barons trust the government to do?
Wrong answer I’m afraid!
Try interviewing Gilbert again... Maybe ask him how he feels about Henry III re-issuing Magna Carta...
Excellent answer — you’ve obviously spoken at length with Gilbert de Clare. Raise taxes fairly is correct.
Why has Henry III re-issued Magna Carta?
Is it because he has genuinely learned the lessons from the rule of his father, uncle and grandfather and he is offering a new way of ruling?
Is it because Henry simply needs money because the French king has invaded Gascony and and is threatening Henry’s power in France?
The view of this chronicle on why Henry is issuing Magna Carta now is…
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