Crisis sparked by German plans regarding Czechoslovakia.
The crisis prompts the development of air raid precaution plans, including the digging of trenches in London parks for use as shelters.
Huge increase in British spending on air raid precautions. Many air raid shelters are built.
|3 September||Britain and France declare war on Germany following the invasion of Poland.|
|September||Mass evacuation from British towns and cities begins. The absence of bombing raids convinces many people to return home.|
|July||Germany begins bombing attacks upon Britain.|
|August||Germany tries to cripple the RAF in a series of attacks. It becomes known as the 'Battle of Britain'.|
|September||The Blitz starts as 300 German bombers attack London docks.|
|September - December||Many towns and cities are bombed heavily.|
|January - May||The Blitz continues until the Luftwaffe are withdrawn to prepare for German invasion of Russia.|
|June - December||Bombing of Britain continues but is less severe.|
|April||The Germans carry out bombing raids on historic British cities, including York, Exeter, Norwich and Bath. These raids are known as the 'Baedeker raids'. Many people are killed or injured and a great deal of damage to property is inflicted.|
|Winter - Spring||'Hit and run' raids by German aircraft cause many deaths and considerable damage.|
|3 March||The disaster at Bethnal Green Tube Station results in the death of 173 people.|
|June - September||V1 'flying bomb' attacks are made against Britain. Heavy casualties occur until the RAF discovers how to stop these bombs. The attacks prompt another mass evacuation from Lodon.|
|8 September||The first V2 rocket attacks on Britain cause heavy damage and much destruction.|
|Autumn||The threat from V2 rockets causes the government to draw up plans to abandon London. The plans are never needed as the Allies capture the rocket sites.|
|January - March||V2 rocket attacks become less frequent as Germany faces defeat.|
|27 March||The last V2 rocket attack on Britain takes place.|
|8 May||Victory in Europe Day.|