Learning Curve, The Great War
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Useful notes: Source7
Photographs of troops involved in the Gallipoli campaign, 1915
(Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum, a. Q13659, b. Q13622, c. Q13689, d. Q14849, e. Q13462)
  • Source 7a shows Australian troops in action on 17 December 1915.
  • When war broke out in 1914, Australia and New Zealand both had very small armies. However, large numbers of volunteers joined up and conscription was introduced later on. These forces were joined to form the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs).
  • The first major campaign the ANZACs fought was Gallipoli. They performed extremely well and suffered very heavy casualties. This was a shock back in Australia and New Zealand, but it was also a source of pride. Today, ANZAC day (25 April) is a major memorial event.
  • Source 7b shows an Australian bringing a wounded comrade to hospital. The men were cracking jokes as they made their way down from the front, at Walker's Ridge. This photo illustrates the close bond and sense of identity and comradeship that the ANZACs, like most other soldiers of the Great War, developed in the face of terrible hardships.
  • Source 7c shows men of the 17th Sikhs, part of the Indian infantry, burying a comrade killed by a bomb. This photo was taken in December 1915.
  • During the Great War, India contributed the most volunteers of any part of the British Empire and over 100,000 of these were Sikhs. The Sikhs were known for their battlefield heroism and suffered heavy losses at Gallipoli.
  • Source 7d shows huts and fortifications made from sandbags. This ravine was known by the troops as 'Lancashire Street', after the home of many of them.
  • Source 7e shows 'Bakery Beach' on 21 May 1915. Above this beach at Cape Helles was the best place in the area to find wood, a rare commodity at Gallipoli. So this was where they baked the bread for the troops.
  • Sources 7d-e give an indication of the living conditions at Gallipoli.
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