Learning Curve, The Great War
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Useful notes: Source1
Map showing the planned movements of German forces in the Schlieffen Plan, 1905
(Catalogue ref: CAB 20/4)
  • This map is a German military map. It shows the region of Europe where France, Holland, Germany and Belgium all meet.
  • The main aim of the Schlieffen Plan was to deliver a very quick knockout blow to France. This would then allow German forces to transfer their attention to the much larger Russian armies.
  • The numbers on the map show different units of the German armed forces. The majority of them were to be transported to the French border by railways. Then they would use horses or march on foot to the targets they had to capture.
  • The Schlieffen Plan is generally seen by historians as an important cause of the war. Because it relied on speed, some historians believe the Germans started the war in 1914 rather than waiting to see if the politicians could sort out a compromise to prevent war.
  • The Schlieffen Plan also took German forces through Belgium. This broke the Treaty of London and helped Britain to make up its mind to join in the war against Germany.
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