British Empire
The rise of the British empire - North America
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Plans for Quebec citadel, 1767
(Catalogue ref: MPG 1/420)
  • This image shows a plan for the proposed citadel to be built in Quebec by the British in 1767.
  • Quebec was the centre of the French empire in North America. However, the British General Wolfe captured it in 1759 in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
  • As the plan shows, the citadel was a large fortress. This would have had several uses. It controlled the Saint Lawrence River, one of the most important trade routes in North America. The citadel would also be a useful base for British troops to patrol the lands they had conquered from the French. Finally, the citadel was probably designed to be secure against a possible uprising of the French people of Quebec against British rule.
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