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The end of the British empire - the Dominions
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Extracts from the British North America Act, 1867
(Catalogue ref: Co 44/115)
An Act for the Union of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, and for their government.

29th March 1867.

The Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick have expressed their desire to be united into one Dominion under the Crown of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, with a constitution similar to that of the United Kingdom. ......

5. Canada shall be divided into four provinces, named Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.

6. The parts of Canada which used to be the provinces of Upper Canada and Lower Canada shall form two separate provinces. The part which used to be the province of Upper Canada shall become the province of Ontario; and the part which used to be the province of Lower Canada shall become the province of Quebec.

7. The provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall have the same borders as now at the passing of this Act. ......

12. All powers, authority, and functions of the Governors or Lieutenant Governors of those provinces, individually or with the advice and consent of the Executive Councils of those provinces, which exist now under any Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom or of the Legislature of any Canadian province, if able to be used after the union in relation to the government of Canada, shall be used by the Governor General, individually or with the advice and consent of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. These powers can be stopped or altered by the Parliament of Canada (except those existing under Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain or of the Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland).
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