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Extracts from a report published in 1871 on the emigration of boys from reform schools
(Catalogue ref: HO 45/9672/A46505B)
Source 5a

Emigration as a Mode of Disposal of Reformatory School Boys, and its Results in Ten Years; A Paper Read to the Treasurer and Committee of the Philanthropic Society's Farm School, Redhill, Surrey, by the Rev. Charles Walters, M.A., Resident Chaplain, and printed at their request.

London
Printed by Charles Cull and Son,
Houghton St, Strand
1871

......

Source 5b

Thus eight successive periods of three years each, comprising 783 annual returns of 347 emigrants, to Africa, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, yield an annual average of 86 per cent unconvicted, 8 per cent re-convicted, and not quite 4 per cent unknown; whereas 1189 annual returns of 479 home disposals, in the same periods, yield an annual average of 74 per cent unconvicted; 22 per cent reconvicted and 2 per cent unknown: the emigrants thus yielding 12 per cent more of good cases, and 14 per cent less of reconvictions, than the home disposals. ......

Source 5c

Now, from May 1861 to December 1868 our friend in Canada East received from us 157 boys, and from his annual official reports I am able to state that of all that number only 4 have been reconvicted in Canada down to the present time (one in 1866, and three in 1869); that all the others who have remained in the colony have kept honest and nearly all done well, many are respected for their integrity and marked for their skill in manual labour, (one obtained the first prize at the Durham ploughing match in 1868), several possess considerable savings, some have purchased land or are farming or brick-making on their own account, and some have married wives there; one letter of my correspondent's in 1869 informed me of no less than three recent marriages by emigrants of 1861 and 1864; some have occurred since, and others, he tells me, are contemplated. His letters abound in details, most interesting and encouraging, of the high standing which Red Hill emigrants have everywhere gained in the estimation of their employers; of the tone and bearing and appearance of the lads, who constantly visit his house, sometimes travelling many miles for that purpose; of their good influence upon

Source 5d

one another; their savings and investments: and the boys' own letters to me, though enthusiastic and even romantic enough sometimes, yet give ample proof, to us at least who knew the writers in old times, and watched over them and trained them, of the unmixed and ever-increasing good which emigration can work; while our home disposals present, on nearly all these points, a very instructive contrast, even among the honest and industrious of them.
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