Throughout the postwar period US State Department officials sent regular
reports back to Washington on the conditions in the country they were working
in. You have seen many examples of this kind of report from British Foreign
US officials were extremely concerned in 1947 about the spread of Communism
in Europe. After WW2 most European states were in ruins. Conditions were made
even worse by an exceptionally bad winter in 1947. US officials believed that
Communist activists used poverty and hunger to stir up trouble and gain support
This was the thinking behind the Truman Doctrine (March 1947) and the Marshall
Plan which followed soon afterwards (June-July 1947).
This document is a summary of the telegrams coming in from State Department
officials across Europe. This one refers to Hungary, Germany and Greece but
similar reports were coming from across Europe.