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Why did Britain become a republic?

Case study 1: Death of Charles I - Source 2

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Initial plans for a treaty between Charles I and Parliament after the Second Civil War, 6 September 1648

(Catalogue ref: SP 16/516/86)

A
DECLARATION
OF THE
Order of the Treaty.

THE Kings Majesty was set at liberty on Wednesday Sep.6 1648 at Sir William Hodges house at Newport in the Isle of Wight (where His Majesties Court is to be during the Treaty) wither the Commissioners from Parliament are to make their addresses to him. …

15. The Commissioners from the Parliament receiving His Majesties Answer and Propositions, proceed to treat with the King on such particulars as shall be inserted on, in relation to what they have presented from the parliament; The suit of which is, to be for His Majesty to recall all his Propositions, Declarations, &c. against the Parliament, and then for settling the Militia and Church Government.

16. The Commissioners are to give reasons why these should be first insisted on, and why his Majesty should grant the passing of them. …

19. After the first meeting of the Commissioners with his Majesty. The Treaty is to continue 40 dayes. And every day to be spent in the Treaty, for concluding of a safe and well-grounded peace; And bringing his Majesty home to joyn with his Parliament.