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Why did people go to war in 1642?

Case study 2: 1640-42 - Source 9

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Petition from the confused gentry of Somerset, August 1642

(Catalogue ref: SP 16/491/117)

And contrary Commands as wee heare yssue from the Commanders of both places to the greate terror of us whoe are ready to obey all due Commands grounded upon the Laws of this Kingdome.

Wee doe humbly petition for the avoydance of the myseries that may befall us by means of Contrary Commandes That his gracious Majestie would bee pleased to suspend the Execution of the Commission of Array and that the High Court of Parlyament would likewise bee pleased to suspend the execution of the order for the Militia. And that for the settlement of the Militia of this Kingdome accordinge to the lawe, his Majestie & the Members of both houses of Parylament would be pleased to assemble againe and in full Court to make an Act for the settlement thereof. Or to take some such other good Course in the same as may establysh the Peace and Security of this Kingdome. And that in the meanetyme the Militia of this County may be ordered by the Justices of the Peace of this County resident for the tyme beinge accordinge to the Statutes nowe in force.